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Table 1 Summary of method and reported performance for other GPU-based surgery simulators, compared to our method

From: GPU-friendly data structures for real time simulation

Paper Solver type Cutting 1000’s of nodes Update rate Method
Pan [13] Explicit Yes 4.9 43 Meshless
Bosman [16] Implicit No 12.7 31 Meshless
Pietroni [17] Implicit Yes 0.6 15 Meshless
Courtecuisse [18] Implicit Yes 0.7 45 FEM
Hou [19] Implicit Yes 13 31 FEM
Camara [20] Gauss-Seidel No 5.5 79 PBD
Pan [21] Gauss-Seidel Yes 1.5 50 PBD
Dick [22] Multigrid No 38 62 FEM
Fenz [23] Static No 11 20 FEM
Our method Implicit Yes 25 60 Meshless