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Table 10 ASTER VM22 shells: comparison of the calculated and experimental buckling loads

From: ASTER Shell: a simple concept to significantly increase the plastic buckling strength of short cylinders subjected to combined external pressure and axial compression

Specimen Loading type Experimental buckling load \(\frac{\Lambda _{exp}}{\Lambda _{E}}\) \(\frac{\Lambda _{exp}}{\Lambda _{NL}}\) \(\frac{\Lambda _{exp}}{\Lambda _{NLP}}\)
B1 Pressure 0.091 MPa 4.57 0.58 1.01
B2 Pressure 0.092 MPa 4.00 0.512 0.98
B5 Axial load 14,200 N 0.99 0.84 1.03